effect of pests and diseon oil palm yield sciencedirects

 
effect of pests and diseases on oil palm yield

Effect of Pests and Diseases on Oil Palm Yield

Diseases of oil palm affect different parts of the plants, namely roots, stem, fronds, inflorescence, and fresh fruit bunch (FFB). Oil palm diseases can be caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, phytoplasma, nematodes, and parasitic plants. The damage of pests and diseases affect the growth of seedlings in nursery.

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crop losses - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Crop Losses - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Effect of Pest Damage on FFB Yield Crop loss is a direct result of palms killed by the development of the grubs in the trunk, especially when the apical meristem tissues are destroyed. Serious losses of up to 5% have been reported in mature plantings caused by the transmission of a nematode resulting in red ring disease ( Mexzon & Chinchilla, 1993 ).

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phytomonas - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Phytomonas - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

It has been reported that some oil palms remained healthy and survived severe infestation of sudden wilt in the plantations. Selection of resistant planting material is therefore possible. Effect of Damage on FFB Yield. The results of several papers reported sudden wither to be potentially very serious in oil palm (cited by Turner & Gillbanks

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ganoderma boninense - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Ganoderma Boninense - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Oil palm yields two sorts of oils, palm oil from the fruit mesocarp and seed (kernel) oil, each with distinct uses. Palm oil, derived from the fruit mesocarp, is the most globally abundant edible oil, accounting for over 30% of the total vegetable oils used in 2016.

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effects of palm oil processing parameters on yield

Effects of palm oil processing parameters on yield

The production of palm oil involves temperatures, pressures and times, which can affect the yield of oil produced. Studies of the effects of such parameters on the expression of groundnut oil and other seed oils have been done Pominski et al., 1970 , Dedio and Dorrell, 1983 , Khan and Hanna, 1983 , Sivakumaran et al., 1985 , Adeeko and Ajibola

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oil palm plantations management effects on productivity fresh

Oil Palm Plantations Management Effects on Productivity Fresh

The end result desired by an oil palm plantation is the production of fresh fruit bunches and a lot of good quality. Requiredto obtain the proper management ranging from the selection of land for

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current challenges on pests and diseases of oil palm cultivation

CURRENT CHALLENGES ON PESTS AND DISEASES OF OIL PALM CULTIVATION

CURRENT CHALLENGES ON PESTS AND DISEASES OF OIL PALM CULTIVATION. For oil palm diseases, the basal stem rot (BSR) or Ganoderma is the most devastating disease in Malaysia, including Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak. The estimated yield loss due to Ganoderma disease can reach up to RM 1.5 billion.

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oil palm | diseases and pests, description, uses, propagation

Oil palm | Diseases and Pests, Description, Uses, Propagation

The number of fronds per palm is maintained at between 35 and 40. Oil palm plantations are rarely, if ever, irrigated. Due to the moisture requirements of the palms, supplemental irrigation is recommended during dry spells. Harvesting of oil palms generally begins 2.5 years after the trees are planted in the field.

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control measures and integrated approach for major pests of

CONTROL MEASURES AND INTEGRATED APPROACH FOR MAJOR PESTS OF

MPOB Palm Oil Congress (PIPOC) 2013 1 CONTROL MEASURES AND INTEGRATED APPROACH FOR MAJOR PESTS OF OIL PALM IN FELDA Noor Hisham H., Cik Mohd Rizuan Z. A. and Suhaidi H.

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local and landscape management of biological pest control

Local and Landscape Management of Biological Pest Control

1. Literature review of oil palm pests, diseases, and biological control agents and the importance of local and landscape management on the relationship between these organisms – Chapter 2 2. Field research on the effect of landscape context of oil palm plantations and the influence of

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full length article effect of cover crops on weed community

Full Length Article Effect of Cover Crops on Weed Community

composition and diversity of oil palm weed communities and their subsequent effect on oil palm yield. Materials and Methods Experimental Details and Treatments Experimental siteThe experiment was conducted in an existing four-year old D × P oil-palm plantation at Field 15, Universiti Agriculture Park, Universiti Putra Malaysia

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macaques can contribute to greener practices in oil palm

Macaques can contribute to greener practices in oil palm

Oct 21, 2019 · Conversion of tropical forests into oil palm plantations reduces the habitats of many species, including primates, and frequently leads to human–wildlife conflicts. Contrary to the widespread belief that macaques foraging in the forest–oil palm matrix are detrimental crop pests, we show that the impact of macaques on oil palm yield is minor.

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different palm oil production systems for energy purposes

Different palm oil production systems for energy purposes

Palm fatty acid distillate Palm oil Sustainability criteria abstract This study analyses the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of crude palm oil (CPO) and palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) production in northern Borneo (Malaysia), their transport to the Netherlands and their co-firing with natural gas for electricity production. In the case of

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effect of process parameters on hydrothermal liquefaction

Effect of process parameters on hydrothermal liquefaction

see more details fiber and palm kernel shell. The effect of temperature (330-390°C), pressure (25-35 MPa) and reaction time (30-240 min) on bio-oil yields yields Subject CategoryProperties see more details were investigated using a Inconel batch reactor. The optimum liquefaction condition for empty fruit bunch, palm mesocarp fiber and palm

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pesticide application in the oil palm plantation

Pesticide Application in the Oil Palm Plantation

Pesticide Application in the Oil Palm Plantation Ainie Kuntom*; Tan Yew Ai*; Norman Kamaruddin* and Yeoh Chee Beng* ABSTRACT This article attempts to give an overview of the com-bined practice of pesticide management in oil palm plantations, the types of pesticides commonly used and the method of analysis to determine pesticide residues in palm

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effects of steeping variables and substrate mesh size on

Effects of steeping variables and substrate mesh size on

The effect of substrate mesh size is more significant than process parametersincubation temperature and incubation period on the starch yield. The contour plot was derived from the equation and applied to determine the interactive effects effects Subject CategoryProperties see more details of IT × IP, IT × MS and IP × MS.

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palm oil production, processing, characterization, and uses

Palm oil production, processing, characterization, and uses

Get this from a library! Palm oil production, processing, characterization, and uses. [Oi-Ming Lai; Chin-Ping Tan; Casimir C Akoh;] -- This book serves as a rich source of information on the production, processing, characterization and utilization of palm oil and its components.

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crop losses and the economic impact of insect pests on

Crop losses and the economic impact of insect pests on

and diseases. The damage caused by insect pests is one of the primary factors leading to the reduced production of major crops. The study presented here estimates the production losses of major crops caused by insects and the economic impact related to the direct damage caused by insects, to the pur-

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breeding oilseed crops for sustainable production - 1st edition

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production - 1st Edition

Oilseed breeders, genetic engineers, biologists, pathologists, entomologists and taxonomists as well as scholars and post-graduate students in understanding the crop better and evolving effective strategies for the development of new and superior crop varieties and sustaining oil crop production

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growth and production of oil palm

Growth And Production of Oil Palm

production areas in the world, both in terms of palm oil and palm kernel production (Table 1). The yield and quality of palm oil produced in these areas is still superior to the oil produced in other parts of the world. Oil palm plantations in Latin America are relatively recent.

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sustainable management in crop monoculturesthe impact

Sustainable management in crop monoculturesthe impact

Information about the open-access article 'Sustainable management in crop monoculturesthe impact of retaining forest on oil palm yield.' in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals.

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pictorial guide to oil palm cultivation and mammalian pests

Pictorial Guide To Oil Palm Cultivation and Mammalian Pests

"Just like the earlier sister book, Pictorial Guide to Common Weeds of Plantations also by ACT, this book is both a beauty and a beast, a coffee-table book packed with pictures and information on oil palm cultivation and mammalian pests of oil palm.

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synthesis of biodiesel from palm oil in capillary

Synthesis of Biodiesel from Palm Oil in Capillary

is the density of palm oil,ρ oil MW ME is the molecular weight of methyl oleate, MW oil is the molecular weight of palm oil. 3. Results and Discussion 3.1 Effect of reaction temperature Fig. 2 shows the effect of reaction temperature on the FAME yield. FAME yield was higher at 60 ˚C compared to 25 ˚C.

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journal of asia-paci c entomology

Journal of Asia-Paci c Entomology

conversion of native forests to oil palm monoculture plantation has caused unprecedented biodiversity loss in Southeast Asia. Little is known about the effects of oil palm polyculture farming on

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breeding oilseed crops for sustainable production - 1st edition

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production - 1st Edition

Oilseed breeders, genetic engineers, biologists, pathologists, entomologists and taxonomists as well as scholars and post-graduate students in understanding the crop better and evolving effective strategies for the development of new and superior crop varieties and sustaining oil crop production

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current status, potentials and challenges of cassava

Current status, Potentials and challenges of Cassava

Current status, Potentials and challenges of Cassava production, processing, marketing and utilizationEvidence from Southern Ethiopia Tesfaye Tadesse 1*, Getahun Degu 2, Ermias Shonga 3, Shiferaw Mekonen 4, Temesgene Addis 5 and Birhanu Yakob 6 1Horticulturist, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box o6.

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oil palm bulletin - palm oil information online service

Oil Palm Bulletin - Palm Oil Information Online Service

Expected Malaysian palm oil production 1995 and some consideration on factors affecting palm oil prices. A prediction is given for Malaysian crude palm oil production for 1995 and some observations are made regarding the effects of world production and stocks of palm oil and other major oils and fats on crude palm oil prices.

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the agronomy and economy of important tree crops of the

The Agronomy and Economy of Important Tree Crops of the

The Range of Coconut Pests. Adaptation in coconut palm. A devastating virus. Adaptating the coconut to market needs. Yield potential of the coconut palm. Quality traits. The fatty acid mix. Coconut as a food item. Research and development in coconut production. Global coordination. National Research Centers. Research in India and Sri Lanka

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ruminant animals common diseases, symptoms and treatment

Ruminant Animals Common Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment

Ruminant AnimalsThese animals all have a digestive system that is uniquely different from our own. Instead of one compartment to the stomach they have four. Common diseases, symptoms and treatment of ruminant animals are as follow.

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ecophysiology of tropical crops - 1st edition

Ecophysiology of Tropical Crops - 1st Edition

Ecophysiology of Tropical Crops covers the knowledge and opinion on ecophysiology of the major tropical crop plants. The book discusses the fundamental ideas about the numerical description of plant development and considers effects of climatic factors (e.g., temperature, light, and water) on physiological processes in plants.

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